Training and education
The educational process at home begins immediately after the appearance of the pet. Well, if an experienced dog handler is involved in labrador classes. Age 4-6 months – the best to start learning.
The puppy must master the commands:
in 3 months: “Place!”, “Lie down!”, “Phew!”, “Sit!”;
in 4 months: “To me!”, “Near!”, “Stand!”, “Give me a paw!”;
in 5 months: “Voice!”, “Wait!”, “Location!”;
at 6 months: “Aport!”, “Show your teeth!”.
According to the owners, 3-4-month-old Labradors are superior in learning ability of 6-8-month-old teens of other breeds. The Labrador puppy has difficulty in executing the command “Fu!”, Therefore, special attention should be paid to its consolidation.
Two-month-old pets are taught to relieve themselves in a diaper or tray. When signs of search and excitement appear – the puppy is assigned to his toilet, calm and wait for the result. After sending the puppy necessarily praise. In the future, for the morning toilet (after lifting) make a walk for 5-10 minutes.
Rules of education
For the harmonious development of the dog is required to observe some rules:
The puppy needs a personal area where he will feel protected. This is his place to sleep and rest, shelter from dangers. Punishments are unacceptable here, it is undesirable to invade here for no reason. In order for a pet to become interested and get used to its place, delicacies and toys are placed there.
A puppy must clearly assimilate its subordinate role. The owner must become a leader for him, who has the right to dictate the requirements that must be met. Submission should be a joy to the dog.
Each right action or performance of a team is supported by a reward – a treat or affection, an approving intonation.
A dog should never be punished physically, even for offense. To express reprimand, they use a formidable tone, a shout, and some harsh sounds. In extreme cases, it is permissible to shake the puppy by the withers, slightly click on the nose.
Punishment for wrongdoing and reward for correct action follow immediately. Only in this way can the logic of a pet establish a direct connection between cause and effect.
Compliance with the rules of feeding. Before eating, the owners need to feed the dog and remove it from the dining room. Guests are warned not to give the animal handouts.
Blunders in education:
teaching aboriginal breed skills – in particular, the guard;
rudeness, blows during training;
a puppy is allowed something for which an adult dog is punished;
unbearable loads for a puppy.
Socialization includes techniques for teaching the dog to behave properly in the surrounding environment.
In 6 months puppy are taught:
recognize a leash, collar, muzzle;
beware of vehicles;
not to eat food from strangers and not to touch the one that was found for a walk;
do not participate in dog showdowns.
A trained dog accompanies the owner on the street, adapting to his movement, performs the command “Near!”. It should not respond to passersby, other animals, vehicles. This quality is especially important to cultivate a Labrador with his innate sociability.
The video shows the rules of training Labrador. Filmed by the WalkService channel.
Choosing a puppy
To choose a puppy and not be disappointed in its qualities, you need to determine in advance for what purposes it is purchased. From this will depend on the choice of place of purchase and the cost of the dog. The best age when you can take a Labrador puppy is 6-8 weeks. At this time, he was already quite strong and ready to leave his comrades in the nursery.
Where to buy and how much?
It is better to buy small puppies in specialized nurseries, from professional breeders. They will be able to provide expert assistance in choosing.
The advantages of the nursery:
you can see the puppy’s parents, assess its likely future parameters;
you can find out how your puppy looks, how much he should weigh, how to properly care for him;
with the responsible breeder, you can arrange for a puppy to be examined by a visiting veterinarian;
when a transaction is made, the buyer is provided with properly executed documents and recommendations for keeping a puppy.
A reliable way to find a good breeder – reviews of familiar owners who bought a Labrador and rated his qualities.
Conditions in the nursery should be at a good level:
in the pens kept clean, spacious cages;
dogs have constant access to clean water, items for games;
puppies have a healthy look and a pleasant smell.
The price of Labrador puppies varies in the range from 30 to 70 thousand rubles. The main condition affecting the size of the price is pure blood, compliance with the standard. The cost of chocolate labrador is higher than the cost of puppies of other colors. Spotted Labrador is significantly less than the appropriate standard. Dogs with excellent pedigree and good prospects for participation in exhibitions are always more expensive.
The cost of a Labrador puppy also depends on the characteristics of its parents, namely:
quality of previous litters.
Puppies from imported mating are expensive.