Now for the breed Labrador Retriever accepted two official standards:
English. Approved in 1988 by the official canine club of the United Kingdom (Kennel Club).
American. Approved in 1994 by the American Kennel Club.
In these standards are fixed the basic physical parameters and mental qualities characteristic of this breed. Since the English code was approved earlier, it is considered a priority when evaluating Labradors. However, minor deviations in some standard indicators are not a sign of deterioration of the breed.
When evaluating dogs, the main indicators are the exterior and condition:
to the exterior is the appearance, the harmony of proportions;
condition includes the physiological indices of the individual: fatness, the state of the muscles, coat, etc.
The condition of labradors is divided into two types:
exhibition (different massiveness);
Signs characteristic of Labrador breeds:
wide head, mainly in the region of the skull;
ears are medium in size, drooping, located slightly behind;
massive, powerful neck;
wide, bulky chest;
rounded paws, with leathery membranes between the fingers;
the tail at the base is massive and gradually tapering to the tip, covered with wool;
short and dense coat with water repellency, well developed undercoat.
Height and weight
According to the English standard, the height at the withers for a Labrador dog should be 56-57 cm, for a bitch – 54-56 cm. The corresponding figures for the American standard are 57-62 cm and 55-59 cm. Deviations of 1 cm to the greater or smaller the side.
Weight of a dog is normally within 29-36 kg, females – 25-31.5 kg. Excess figures indicate the presence of excess fat, interfering with the movement of the dog. Lack of weight usually occurs due to illness or improper animal care.
For each age period, features of development and norms of weight and height are characteristic.
Accurate data on the origins of the Labrador breed are not available. Her ancestors are dogs that were found in the lands of the Indians of North America. Europeans first discovered them in the early 19th century on the Canadian island of Newfoundland. Dogs, named for the island of Newfoundlands, became loyal helpers of man. Most often they were used by fishermen to pull out nets and rescue people caught in the sea during a storm. Being excellent swimmers, dogs often helped hunters get game from the water. They even transported small loads.
Newfoundlands of St. Jones were introduced to Europe in 1830. They began to be bred in the UK, primarily as field hunting dogs. The Labrador Retriever breed was formed forty years later, and in 1903 the English Kennel Club recognized it as independent. Initially, the fawn shade of a Labrador was considered a marriage. Introduced to the standard in 1924 and is now very popular among owners of Labradors.