What does a Labrador breed look like?
Sometimes in private conversation breeders and owners call pets “stools”. There is a reason in these words, it is worth looking at the dog from the side and it becomes clear why he was so nicknamed.
Description of the breed Labrador is as follows:
General appearance: square dog with a wide and powerful body.The chest of the animal is deep and voluminous. The retriever has a broad back with convex withers, short loin and horizontal croup. Limbs strong, well developed, of medium length.
The head is wide, the transition from the forehead to the face is pronounced. The parietal crest and occipital protuberance are poorly expressed, the zygomatic arches are well developed.
Muzzle rounded. Eyes oval, deep set, not very pronounced, brown.
The ears are set high, raised at the base, the apex is triangular, hanging down on the sides of the head.
The tail is straight, wide at the base, tapering to the tip, it is set high.
The coat is straight and short, the undercoat is well developed. To the skin tight, elastic.
With regard to the existence of a long-haired Labrador, the description of the breed and its origin differs from that considered here. In fact, no Labrador retriever with a long coat does not exist, it is a separate breed, called the Golden Retriever. People often confuse them.
Size and weight
The minimum height for males is 55 cm, the maximum is 57 cm.
Weight ranges from 27 to 40 kg.
The minimum growth of a bough – 52 cm, maximum – 56 cm.
Weight from 27 to 35 kg.
In earlier times, the standard mentioned the only acceptable color of a Labrador Retriever – black. Now allowed dogs fawn and chocolate color. The black representatives of the breed on the chest may have a white spot.
Health and Disease
The breed Labrador Retriever has health features. Its representatives can not be called too painful, but they need an annual preventive visit to a veterinary specialist.
Retrievers have the following diseases:
Obesity, because Labradors love to eat, and the owners often indulge them. As a result, the pet appears overweight, affecting the work of his heart and musculoskeletal system.
Hypothyroidism – a decrease in thyroid function. Detected only by testing. If the result is negative, then the owners are recommended to review the pet’s diet, because of overeating, he has problems with the thyroid.
Dysplasia of the hip and elbow joints. Diseases are susceptible to many large breeds, not just Labrador. To a greater extent, it is caused by a genetic predisposition. Chocolate labrador retriever
Panosteit – an inflammatory process in the inner canal of long bones. The disease is age-related, affects puppies from 6 months to 1.5 years.
Osteochondrosis is a thickening of cartilage that occurs in puppies from 5 to 18 months. More characteristic for males than bitches.
Atrophy of the retina and cataract. Rarely occurs in retrievers, can not be treated, subject to dogs from 4 to 7 years.
Modern dogs live far less than the prescribed period of 12-14 years. If the animal has passed the 12-year mark, it is considered a long-liver. The average duration of representatives of the breed of dogs Labrador is from 8 to 10 years.