Researchers failed to establish the stages of origin of this species for certain. But there are several theories on this. Their ancestors are the Nfoundland dogs that lived on the island of the same name. A breed is named in honor of the peninsula Labrador. There is also a version that it is named not in honor of the geographical area, but in honor of labradorite.
This stone has a rich black color and at first the dogs had only such a color. Another interesting theory is that the name came from the word “labrador”, which translated means “worker”. And we all know that these dogs are distinguished by hard work. For many centuries animals helped people on land, hunting and in the sea.
It is known that the first dogs of the Labrador breed were brought to England from the island of Newfoundland. On the further history of the development of opinion dog handlers are different. But they believe that it was the Europeans who were actively engaged in the development of the species. There is also such a theory that only the ancestors of these animals were brought from the island, and the breed itself was bred by English breeders. And it happened by crossing with black hounds and pointers. Others assume that the ancestors of the Labrador Retriever were Viking dogs.
Great interest in these dogs was observed already in the 30-40s of the 19th century. In 1870, Birmingham even hosted the first show where Newfoundlands and Black Labradors were declared as different breeds. At this time, dogs began to enjoy great popularity among aristocrats, repeatedly becoming members of royal families. And in 1903, after conducting serious breeding work, the Labrador breed was officially recognized.
The beginning of the 20th century is considered golden times for representatives of this species. Then they enjoyed a staggering popularity. On the territory of England created many nurseries. It was during these years that golden dogs became popular. The third in demand was a Labrador Retriever chocolate color. Gradually, the fame of these beautiful pets spread throughout the world.
Labrador Retriever: breed description
They were bred solely as working dogs. At first they were indispensable helpers for fishermen. They helped them to pull tackles and fish from cold waters. And today, Labrador is considered the best assistant dog for people with disabilities. Also, they are often involved in various rescue and search operations, with this work they cope perfectly well. Nowadays, these dogs are less commonly used for fishing, they have long been transferred to the category of pets. Since they are able to give love to all family members. This is one of the best family dogs.
The Labrador Retriever has a calm disposition, which makes him a great therapist among animals. Very often they provide psychological assistance in centers and clinics where they undergo rehabilitation. And also in shelters, orphanages and nursing homes. Excellent helpers not only fishing, but also in hunting. And all thanks to a keen sense of smell. The only thing with which they can not cope is the protection of the house. And all because of its friendly nature.