Labrador Retriever – this versatile breed is different not only in hunting, but also as a guide for the blind, a service dog that reveals anything from drugs to gas leaks, as an assistant for people with disabilities – and one of the most popular pets. However, these successes do not come by the wave of a magic wand: they depend on the quality of the manufacturers and the skill of the instructor. Decent breeders are aimed at getting puppies with a good temperament and good physical condition, but even the most elite Labradors can be real hooligans if left to their own devices. These are energetic dogs whose mind needs to be steered in the right direction. In the hands of intelligent owners, Labradors grow up to be wonderful companions and reliable family pets, trained and adapted. The breed appeared in Canada as a water dog, but it was in Britain in the XIX century. her working qualities made her popular with hunters. Today, the exhibition and working lines are undressed; the latter is easier to fold. Place of Origin: Canada; Initial purpose: game aporting; Height at withers (dogs): 56-62 cm (22–24.5 inches); Height at withers (females): 54-60 cm (21-23.5 inches); Weight: 25-34 kg (55-75 pounds); Lifespan: about 12 years. What color? Black, yellow (fawn to fiery red, but never golden for this breed) or chocolate. WHAT care for wool? Wool is easy to clean, but benefits from weekly brushing with a soft or stiff brush to remove dead hair and massage the skin. Usually, a Labrador retriever drops wool all year round — keep a vacuum cleaner ready. HOW they are suitable for the role of a pet? A good-natured dog is ideal for an active family, ready to spend a lot of time on exercises and training, if someone is at home all the time – these very sociable dogs need company; remaining alone, they become destructive. Labradors are generally good friends with children, but for small children they are too noisy and harsh, and even they have the habit of taking the hands of children into the mouth – gently, but sometimes too risky for kids. What type of house? A country house is best, but a Labrador retriever can be content with a city house if he has enough exercise and mental stimulation. He needs a garden with a secure fence and the ability to run in the park, where he will burn his energy. The dog is not very suitable for an apartment because of its size and jumping ability – for the same reason it is not suitable for homes with low coffee tables and fragile interior items. What kind of host? Labrador with his temperament needs a master who loves to make long walks every day in any weather, who is willing to endure a naughty puppy and who will be happy to train an intelligent dog. Labradors are not the best choice for people who value cleanliness in the house; these are traces of dirty paws, drooling tail marks on the wall and gnawed shoes. How do they get along with other pets? Friendly Labradors, as a rule, get along well with dogs and other animals in the house, although, like all breeds, they also need early socialization. Their innate instinct of aportization means that they will carry rabbits or guinea pigs in their teeth without harm to them, but they will be wetted. Some males may dislike other males encountered on the threshold. WHAT good qualities? Cheerful, loving, energetic, reliable, friendly with children, patient, helpful, non-aggressive, intelligent, perfectly trained. WHAT to fear? Great need for exercise. Beware of commercial breeders who have puppies with inappropriate temperament and poor health. What medical problems? Labradors are usually a healthy breed, but there are hip and elbow dysplasia, weakness of the muscles that send food through the esophagus (megaoesophagus), progressive retinal atrophy, muscle weakness (myopathy), and thyroid hormone deficiency.