Information about the breed Labrador Retriever
Labrador Retrievers – strong-built, strong dogs. By proportions, they almost resemble a square, they have a dense body and strong paws. The maximum height of a dog is 60 cm, which is why labradors are referred to as medium sized dogs, but due to their powerful build they can visually appear much larger than they are. Weight ranges from 25 kg for a little bitch to 38 kg for a large dog. Dogs bred for field trials are usually taller and slightly thinner in addition.
Labrador retrievers are easily recognizable by the broad shape of the head, hanging ears and large, expressive eyes. Two distinctive features of a Labrador are a rather short two-layer waterproof wool and the so-called otter tail. The tail is thick and dense, almost straight, continuing the line of the back. The paws of the Labrador are characterized as “webbed”, with elongated skin between the fingers, helping the dog to swim. Color can vary from black to chocolate, red / yellow and even almost white.
Labrador is a breed that ripens physically rather quickly, reaching adult growth at the age of 6 to 12 months, but can gain weight up to two more years. Many labradors live to be 12-14 years old.
In general, Labrador Retrievers are great dogs for the family, given their training and training needs. These dogs are bred for work, heavy and tense, so they like to perform tasks, especially to bring objects.
Labradors usually communicate well with other dogs, pets and children, if training has taught them to control their inherent excess energy. These are strong dogs, and they need to be taught obedience from an early age, otherwise you can face a situation where the dog drags its owner by force, wherever it pleases.
Because of their energetic nature, Labradors who do not receive enough attention and exercise can show destructive behavior: chewing things, digging holes or barking excessively.
Service “field” dogs are particularly energetic, and show dogs can turn into a sluggard from an early age. Chewing can be a problem for Labradors, as their natural propensity to bring prey contributes to the fact that they tend to take everything by mouth. Strong chewable toys, exercises and training can help to cope with this problem.
Maintenance and care:
Obviously, Labradors have a number of compelling features, otherwise they would not be so popular. They are intelligent and fairly easy to train, partly because of their desire to work with people. They do not need a lot of food and easily gain weight, so to avoid overweight, labradors need regular physical exercise and carefully adjusted portions of food. Labradors are great family dogs, they tend to be with people, so life in a kennel is not suitable for most of them.
Labradors tend to protect their family and home, but they are equally welcome to guests. Their instinct for procuring objects can develop in them a destructive craving to chew on everything that catches their eyes, so they need special chewing toys and proper training. Some Labradors are not against “chewing” people, so the best solution for them is to find a toy that the dog can wear all the time in the mouth, then their mouth will be already occupied by something! These are very strong dogs, so early training and training for obedient walking on a leash for them are required.
The beautiful double wool of Labradors, which so successfully protects them when swimming in icy water, also makes this breed one of the most prone to molt. In normal times, weekly maintenance is sufficient to maintain their wool, but daily brushing is necessary during the moulting season. The amount of exercise a Labrador requires depends on his type: a dog bred for field trials can run all day, and the show variety can do quite well at a moderate level of exercise.
At the beginning of the 19th century, some of the multifunctional dogs used by hunters in North America (mainly in Canada) were brought home by seafarers in England. Many of these “water dogs” were Newfoundland, but smaller animals were usually called St. John’s dogs. In England, this breed began to develop and improve (probably, adding to it the genes of a straight-haired retriever), and it turned into the Labrador-retriever that we know today.
As the name of the dog testifies (from English retrieve – to get, bring), Labrador retrievers were selected for selection because of their ability to get and bring game, especially from water. They worked as assistants to duck hunters in any weather. Their developed intelligence and desire to work in partnership with a person make them suitable for many other works, and also cause their continued popularity.